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Valentine.gr  

June 2003

Did you know that the yellow flowered Clivia has a status akin to a black rose or tulip amongst enthusiasts around the world?

Clivia (Clivia Miniata)

Clivia (Clivia miniata)

Genus Clivia belongs to Amaryllidaceae family and it is native in South Africa. C. miniata is native to three regions in South Africa; KwaZulu in the Natal Province, The Eastern Transvaal in South Africa, and Swaziland. It was in the 1800’s that the world's attention was drawn towards the Clivia when specimens were sent to England from KwaZulu in the Natal province.

Today wild populations of species occur in relatively small pockets often widely separated from each other. In reality the genus appears to be in retreat as more of their forest habitat is cleared for development. Increasing demands for traditional medicines (muti) have put clivias at risk from over-collecting, as well as the illegal removal of plants from the wild by enthusiasts.

Clivia gained their current name from the English botanist John Lindley in 1854. Lindley (1799-1865) was the first Professor of Botany at London University and one of the most active taxonomists during the first half of the nineteenth century. He named the plant to honour Lady Charlotte Florentina Clive, Duchess of Northumberland. She was the granddaughter of Robert Clive who founded the British Empire in India and was the first to cultivate and flower the specimen outside its natural environment. The name ‘Miniata’ is a misnomer, as it doesn't mean small, it comes from the Latin minium, "red oxide of lead."

Probably no plant rewards more beauty for less care than the Clivia. A great houseplant because of its meagre requirements for light, water and fertilizer. They thrive in dappled shade and are best kept moist through summer in free draining soil - although they will withstand drought. They look good all the time and produce bunches (umbels) of wonderful trumpet shaped flowers each flowering season after reaching 3 years of age. These have neither bulbs nor rhizomes, but possess an abundance of thick rope-like roots that allow it to tolerate root competition. Clivia generally take at least 3 years to flower. These plants make ideal pot plants and they love being crowded in a pot, so leave them undisturbed for many years.

The three species most commonly grown ,in our gardens are C. cauleseens, C. gardenii and C. miniata. All species of Clivia are evergreen with strap-shaped leaves, thick fleshy roots that are well equipped for storing water, have flamboyant coloured flowers and attractive cherry-like fruits. They are sensitive to sunlight and will burn easily. This exquisite perennial thrives in dry shade. Its dark glossy foliage and clusters of clear yellow flowers make it a wonderful specimen in a dark glazed pot. Frost tender, in cooler climates Clivia are best kept in containers and moved under cover during winter. Long lasting cut flowers can be taken from this plant. Snails love to live on this plant as they feed on the flowers.

In South Africa, the black Africans of Natal have had for many centuries a very high regard for Clivias. According to local legend Clivias have special spiritual healing powers. Whenever villagers are sick, flower or leaves of Clivias are brought to the bedside of the sick person. The late 'Old 'Blue Eyes', Frank Sinatra was so enamored by the sight of Clivias in flower that he had a collection of three acres of them on his property in California. In China, Clivias have been the preserve of the powerful and the ruling classes. Possession of Clivias is a mark of status and position. Recently when long serving premier Deng Xiao Ping was buried his cask was surrounded by Clivia plants and flowers.

Á remarkable plant is the extremely rare and highly desirable Clivia miniata var.citrina, the yellow flowering form of the Clivia miniata, which was discovered in the forests around Eshowe in Zululand, South Africa, in 1888. Over 100 years later this rare form of Clivia miniata is now available in seed form for ordering, through the internet, to the world's gardening public.

Amongst enthusiasts around the world, the yellow flowered Clivia has a status akin to a black rose or tulip, especially if it is an intense yellow. Reports here on the internet indicate that established specimens of Clivia miniata "Citrina" recently change hands for up to US$500 per plant. While the price of smaller specimens has dropped significantly, the price of large specimens is still strong. At one time Clivia miniata were selling for US$1600. An American mail order company was in the early stages selling it for US$995 blooming size. By the same token, Chinese Clivias especially the best ones tend to be expensive, about US$25,000 to US$100,000.

Source:

http://www.tesselaar.net.au/plantprofiles/profile.asp?id=7
http://home.clear.net.nz/pages/s.styles/history4.htm
http://www.clivia.co.za/home.html
http://www.floralartmall.com/Clivia.html

 

 

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Coco de Mer - Lodoicea maldivica
Silver Tree - Leucadendron argenteum
Buffaloberry - Shepherdia argentea
Himalayan Honeysuckle - Leycesteria formosa
Raisin Tree - Hovenia dulcis
Borojo - Alibertia patinoi - Borojoa patinoi
Butterfly Pea - Clitoria ternatea
Honey Flower - Melianthus major
Ombu - Phytolacca dioica
Lion's Ear - Wild Dagga - Leonotis leonurus
Moringa - Miracle Tree - Moringa oleifera
Sea Daffodil - Pancratium maritimum
Spear Lily - Gymea - Doryanthes
Camphor tree - Cinnamomum camphora
Waterwheel - Aldrovanda vesiculosa
Flowering rush - Butomus umbellatus
Four o'clock - Marvel of Peru - Mirabilis jalapa
Dead Man’s Fingers - Decaisnea
Bitter Melon - Momordica charantia
Shoapnuts Tree - Shoapberry - Sapindus
Acerola - Malpighia
Monkey Ladder - Sea Heart - Entada gigas
Cherimoya - Annona cherimola
Caper - Capparis spinosa
Lithops - Living Stones
Chaste Tree - Vitex agnus-castus
Chilean Lantern Tree - Crinodendron hookerianum
Parrot's Beak - Lotus berthelotii
Water Hyacinth - Eichhornia crassipes
Guaiac Tree - Guaiacum officinale - Lignum-vitae
Mickey Mouse bush - Ochna serrulata
Cow's Udder - Solanum mammosum
Miracle fruit - Synsepalum dulcificum
Akebia - Akebia quinata
Chilean Firebush - Embothrium coccineum
Caesalpinia - Caesalpinia pulcherrima
Welwitschia - Welwitschia mirabilis
Saguaro - Carnegiea gigantea
Schisandra - Schisandra chinensis
Monarda - Bee balm - Bergamot
Tamarind - Tamarindus indica
Neomarica - Walking Iris
Red hot poker - Kniphofia - Tritoma
Sikkim rhubarb - Rheum nobile
Reseda - Mignonette
Paulownia - Paulownia tomentosa
Belamcanda chinensis - Leopard lily
Blue Poppy - Meconopsis
Cannonball Tree - Couroupita guianensis
Tamarillo - Cyphomandra betacea
Goji - Wolfberry - Lycium barbarum
Vanilla - Vanilla Planifolia
Stevia - Stevia rebaudiana
Pachypodium
Physalis
Ceropegia
Sturt pea - Swainsona formosa
Clematis
Grevillea
Jade vine - Strongylodon macrobotrys
Sansevieria - Snake Plant
Trochetia
Yareta - Azorella compacta
African tulip tree - Spathodea campanulata
Angel's Trumpets - Brugmansia
Achiote - Annato - Bixa orellana
Sausage Tree - Kigelia pinnata
Castor Oil Plant - Ricinus communis
Firewheel Tree - Stenocarpus sinuatus
Bat Flower - Tacca
Snake gourd - Trichosanthes cucumerina
Sedum
Hydnora - Hydnora africana
Pickerel Weed - Pontederia
Argan - Argania spinosa
Astilbe - False Goats Beard
Feijoa - Pineapple Guava - Acca sellowiana
Aquilegia - Columbine
Cassiope
Sweet Box - Sarcococca
Christmas Cactus - Schlumbergera
Foxtail Lily - Eremurus
Rue - Ruta graveolens
Pittosporum
Ylang-Ylang - Cananga odorata
Rose of Jericho - Anastatica hierochuntica
Gunnera
Waterlily - Nymphaea
Calico Flower - Aristolochia
Daylily - Hemerocallis
Contorted hazel - Corylus avellana Contorta
Torch Ginger - Etlingera elatior
Mistletoe - Viscum album
Devil´s claw - Harpagophytum procumbens
Teasel - Dipsacus
Pampas grass - Gynerium argenteum - Cortaderia Selloanna
Purple coneflower - Echinacea purpurea
Coral Tree - Erythrina crista-galli
Portulaca
Lobelia
Field Poppy - Papaver Rhoeas
Narcissus - Daffodil
Mimosa pudica - Sensitive Plant
Boxwood - Buxus sempervirens
Firethorn - Pyracantha
Star of Bethlehem - Ornithogalum
Cosmos
Muscari - Grape Hyacinth
Papyrus - Cyperus papyrus
Zinnia
Honeysuckle - Lonicera
Passiflora - Passion Flower
Calendula - Marigold
Lupine - Lupinus
Canna - Indian Shot
Witch Hazel - Hamamelis
Oak - Quercus
Brunsvigia - Candelabra Flower
Tree peony - Paeonia suffruticosa
Olive - Olea europaea
Cornflower - Centaurea cyanus
Desert rose - Adenium obesum
Oleander - Nerium Oleander
Abutilon
Sweet Pea - Lathyrus odoratus
Chaenomeles - Flowering Quince
Forsythia
Amaryllis - Hippeastrum
Butchers broom - Ruscus aculeatus
Bay Laurel - Laurus nobilis
Gloriosa
Bamboo
Gladiolus
Artichoke - Cynara scolymus
Clivia - Clivia Miniata
Dipladenia - Dipladenia sanderii
Date palm - Phoenix dactylifera
Peach - Prunus persica
Almond - Prunus amygdalus
Willow - Salix
Pomegranate - Punica granatum
Protea cynaroides
Colchicum autumnale
Bird of Paradise - Strelitzia reginae
Cardon - Pachycereus pringlei
Wolffia arrhiza
Puya raimondii
Fuchsia
Asphodelus - Asphodel
Primula - Primerose
Dicentra spectabilis - Bleeding Heart
Edelweiss - Leontopodium alpinum
Helleborus Niger - Christmas Rose
Zantedeschia - Calla Lily
Fritillaria imperialis - Crown imperial
Aster
Heliconia
Common Sunflower - Helianthus annuus
Bee Orchid - Orphys apifera
Convalaria majalis - Lily of the Valley - Muguet
Syringa Vurgaris - Lilac
Viola
Impantiens
Snowdrop - Galanthus
Poinsettia - Euphorbia pulcherrima
Dionaea muscipula
Banksia
Sea anemone
Amorrhophallus titanum
Rafflesia arnoldi

 

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