Day in Greek
handing the stone to Cronus
very first celebrations in honour of mothers were held in Ancient
Greece during the spring. They paid tribute to Rhea, The Mother of
the Gods. Rhea was the Titan of "Earth and Fertility",
both sister and wife to the Titan, Cronus (Saturn). However Cronus,
after having been told that he would be dethroned by his own son,
swallowed his own offspring at birth. Rhea tricked Cronus by saving
her son Zeuss and giving Cronus a rock to swallow instead.
since both earth (Gaia) and sky (Uranus) foretold him (Chronos) that
he would be dethroned by his own son, he used to swallow his
offspring at birth... enraged at this, Rhea repaired to Crete, when
she was big with Zeus, and brought him forth in a cave of Dicte. She
gave him to the Curetes and to the Nymphs... to nurse. So these
Nymphs fed the child on the milk of Amalthea (the Goat)... but Rhea
wrapped a stone in swaddling clothes and gave it to Chronos to
swallow..." (Apollodorus, Bibliotheca I.I.5-7).
When Zeus (Jupiter)
grew up he forced his father to disgorge his five siblings: Poseidon
(Neptune), Hades (Pluto), Demeter, Hestia, and Hera. He also
revolted against Cronus and the other Titans, defeating and
banishing them to Tartarus in the underworld.
himself managed to escape to Italy, where he ruled as Saturn. The
period of his rule was said to be the "Golden Age" on
earth, honoured by the "Saturnia Feast".
overthrowing his father Zeus drew lots with his brothers Poseidon
and Hades. Zeus won the draw and became the supreme ruler of all the
Gods and formed the Olympians. The Olympians are a group of 12 gods.
They are named after their dwelling place Mount Olympus and all are
related in some way.
is the lord of the sky, the rain god. His weapon is a thunderbolt,
which he hurls at those who displease him. He is married to Hera,
but, is equally famous for his many affairs. He is known to punish
those who lie or break oaths.